What is Colorectal Surgery?
Colorectal surgery is a comprehensive term used to describe various surgical procedures to treat the problems of the lower gut. The surgery is used to treat colon, anus, and rectum diseases. The surgery can be executed in both adults and children. It can be used to treat conditions like piles, hemorrhoids, anal fistula, colon and rectal cancer, injuries to the anus, congenital disabilities, Crohns disease, severe constipation disorders, and more. Some of the standard surgical techniques involved in colorectal surgery include colectomy, hemorrhoidectomy, laparoscopic surgery, angioplasty, bowel resection surgery, and more. The recovery time after colorectal surgery depends significantly on the type of surgical procedure performed.
Is Colorectal Surgery Right For You?
A person suffering from any disorder or abnormality in the colon, rectum, and anus may opt for colorectal surgery. Apart from this, the following reasons also make me a good candidate for this surgery:
- Anal lumps
- Rectal bleeding
- Suffering from anal fissure
- rectal or colon cancer
- Severe abdominal pain
- Anal pain
Who Should Not Consider Colorectal Surgery?
The following reasons may not make me a good candidate for colorectal surgery:
- Prior abdominal surgery
- Weak immune system
- Heart condition
- History of medical conditions
- Bleeding disorder, anemia, or any other chronic illness
Types of Colorectal Surgery:
- Colectomy:The surgery is done to remove part of all of the colon. The surgery can be performed as open or laparoscopic. The surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen during the procedure and cuts a part or entire colon. The surgeon then reconnects the digestive system by rejoining the remaining portion or connecting the intestine to an opening created in the abdomen.
- Colostomy:The surgical procedure involves creating a hole in the abdomen and pulling one end of the colon through it. Colostomy can be temporary or permanent, depending on the condition. The surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen during the procedure and pulls the colon. The surgeon then attaches a colostomy bag to collect the stool.
- Laparoscopic surgery:This type of surgery is performed in the abdomen to minimize pain and enable speedy recovery. The surgeon makes a small incision in the abdomen during the procedure and inserts a tube with a camera attached to it. Once the surgery is completed, the surgeon then sutures the small incisions.
- Angioplasty:The surgery is performed to reconstruct the anus and is often done in case of anal stenosis.
- Hemorrhoidectomy:This surgical procedure is done to remove hemorrhoids. During the procedure, the surgeon makes incisions around the hemorrhoid and ties off the swollen vein inside it. The surgeon then removes the hemorrhoid and sutures the incision site.
- Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis:Also known as IPPA or J-pouch procedure, the surgery removes the entire colon and rectum. The surgeon then creates a pouch from the small intestines end and attaches it to the anus. The surgeon then makes a temporary opening in the abdominal wall to eliminate waste. Once the J-pouch is healed, the surgeon performs the second procedure to close the opening and allow the waste to pass normally.
- Lateral internal sphincterotomy:This surgical procedure is performed to treat chronic anal fissures. In this procedure, the surgeon cuts a small portion of the anal sphincter muscle, which reduces spam and pain. This allows anal fissures to heal.
- Rectopexy:The surgery is done to repair rectal prolapse. During the procedure, the surgeon restores the rectum to its normal position in the pelvis so that it can no longer protrude. The surgeon then stitches around the rectum to secure it in place.
Care After the Surgery:
Depending on the type of surgery, patients may need to stay in the hospital for one or two days. The recovery time for colorectal surgery is approximately six to eight weeks, though it may be longer in some cases. The doctor will provide a post-operative care package to ensure minimal complications and faster recovery. The doctor may also ask to come back on the fifth or seventh day to monitor the progress. Apart from this, other post-operative care includes:
- Avoid indulging in strenuous physical activities for four to six weeks
- Take proper rest
- Take all the medications promptly as prescribed by the doctor
- Try to walk after the surgery
- Dont drive for a few weeks
- Keep the incision area clean and covered with a dressing
- Take vitamin A and vitamin C supplements
- Follow a strict diet and exercise regime
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle
- Avoid alcohol or smoking for a few weeks
Talk To Dr. N. S. Babu:
Dr. N. S. Babu and their team has a dedicated and caring approach and will seek to find you the earliest appointment possible with one of the best colorectal surgeon in Hyderabad Dr. N. S. Babu for your needs. For more information about our comprehensive treatment options, or torequest an appointmentwith the best gastro care clinic in Hyderabad. Call us on9443355668.